Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). Fadda, Gustavo. Such pressure has previously proven disastrous in emerging markets where rigid currencies and brittle monetary systems ultimately cracked under stress, including during the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Muñoz, Sara Schaefer. "Mercosul pode rever estratégia com avanço da Aliança do Pacífico." Average GDP growth 2004-2013 (excluding 2009), Ease of Doing Business Rank (Latin America), Macroeconomic Environment Rank (Latin America), List of multilateral free-trade agreements, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XL52ZqBma8Y, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Pacific_Pumas&oldid=969043465, Articles needing additional references from July 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 2014-02-16. [20], The Pacific Pumas have actively pursued real integration in Europe, East Asia and the Americas—and approach that has provoked comparisons to the Asian Tigers. George, Samuel. Inflation has been held within central bank bands across the four economies, with average annual inflation below 3 percent since 2009, and ranging from 1.73 per cent to 3.60 percent in 2013 across the four countries.[10]. O'Grady, Mary Anastasia. Learn more. Financial Times. The Wall Street Journal. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. At the presentation of the Pacific Pumas study on March 13, Mexican Ambassador to the United States Eduardo Medina Mora emphasized that the group of four countries can act as a “Bridge to Asia.” [33]. View all of Airame Puma Mamani's Presentations. “A Concise History of Exchange Rate Regimes in Latin America.” Center for Economic and Policy Research, April 2010, 23. Cómo preparar un brief para un proyecto digital. [14], The Pacific Pumas have also distinguished themselves in terms of improved democracy and governance, both from other countries in Latin America as well as other emerging markets around the globe. 2014-04-01. 2010. El Pais (Colombia). Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 2014-03-13. [24], The Pacific Pumas consist of the founding members of the Pacific Alliance—a trade and integration pact founded in 2012. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. ESTRATEGIAS Y POLÍTICAS DE MARKETING DE MERCEDES-BENZ Tipo de orientación que sigue esta empresa en la comercialización de este producto Enfoque producto, es decir, confía plenamente en que la calidad de sus productos sea la principal fuente de atracción de estos. 2013-05-21. Estrategias de lectura The flexible rates have allowed the Pumas to absorb shocks to their real economies, perhaps best evidenced during the global financial crisis that began in 2008. For example, Chile has effectively eliminated its public debt while Peru transformed its structural deficits into structural surpluses. The Financial Times. “Pacific Alliance opens doors for businesses in Latin America”. George, Samuel. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. (2014). 2014-02-16. Leaders, both left and right, have governed moderately, generally respecting executive restraint. “Pacific Alliance captures zeitgeist in era of ‘mega’ trade agreements”. The four Pumas account for over 50 percent of Latin America’s trade,[22] and their combined global trade with the rest of the world totaled US$1.04 trillion in 2013. “Pacific Alliance captures zeitgeist in era of ‘mega’ trade agreements”. October 2013. Commentary on the Pacific Pumas. [2], The Puma, an American cat found along Latin America's Pacific Coast is “rapid, agile, intelligent, independent, and strong” qualities attributed the Chilean, Colombian, Mexican, and Peruvian economies in the 21st century. 2014-04-1. Donnan, Shawn. “Diplomats in Washington tout the emerging ‘Pumas of the Pacific’” Tico Times. 2014-06-13. The Pumas attract four of every ten dollars invested in Latin America. 2014-04-01. 2013-05-20. Margolis, Mac. [6] In a Wall Street Journal feature, journalist Mary Anastasia O'Grady described the development model of the Pumas, in terms of a focus on openness, currency stability, fiscal restraint, and competition as "doing the heavy lifting" to ensure economic success. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. EFE. Schipani, Andres and Mander, Benedikt. 2014-03-14. 202, January 2010. The Pacific Pumas positive disposition towards democracy and integration make the four countries potential partners for both the European Union and the United States. “Latin Countries Form Trade Accord With Eyes on Asia”. [9] 2014-03-28. [15] Politically, the four countries have been observing the "rules of the game". "Guest Post: LatAm's Pacific Pumas". The Pumas’ relationship with Asia, particularly China, can be considered both cooperative as well as competitive. The term references the four larger Pacific Latin American emerging markets that share common trends of positive growth, stable macroeconomic foundations, improved governance and an openness to global integration. The Alliance is also dedicated to creating MILA, an integrated stock exchange. By January 2009, Chilean, Colombian and Peruvian currencies had all fallen sharply against the dollar as investors rushed to perceived safety. "Latin America's Pacific Pumas". 1. [3], The term was coined to emphasize that quietly and efficiently, Pacific Pumas have distinguished themselves from other large Latin American emerging markets in terms of economic growth and stability, commitment to democracy, and global integration. 2014-07-07. [7], Puma growth averaged 4.9 per cent annually from 2005 to 2013 in the four countries, compared to 4.4 percent in the Asian Tigers. EFE. Roberto Frenkel and Martín Rapetti. The Pacific Pumas have also distinguished themselves in terms of their macroeconomic stability. The United States joined the Pacific Alliance as an observer in July 2013, and remains a crucial trade partner for the Puma economies. Enfoque “The Pacific Pumas: An Emerging Model for Emerging Markets”. [28], The fact that the Alliance members are not significant trading partners with each other suggests that benefits beyond trade liberalization exist among the four Pumas. El acuerdo, que se espera que se complete a mediados de 2020, sigue a la venta de las operaciones en Paraguay e Indonesia este año. “The elephant and the pumas: India and the Pacific Alliance” The New Indian Express, 2013-05-21. The Pacific Pumas refers both to the individual advancements and opportunities of the four countries and to broader global potential of the four together. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Reporte Nombre: Mara Lizeth Serna de la Fuente Matrícula: 2889288 Nombre del curso: Estrategias de mercadotecnia digital Nombre del profesor: Patricia Gaona Guillen Módulo: Modulo 2, Tema 6 El brief Actividad: Actividad 6 Realización del brief Fecha: 17 Septiembre 2020 Bibliografía: Cerezo, J. You can change your ad preferences anytime. [12], The governments have also demonstrated a commitment to debt reduction and fiscal restraint. 2013-05-13. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. La Voz. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 2014-03-14. Wall Street Journal. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. [16] All four countries have executed peaceful political transitions from right-leaning to left-leaning governments (and vice versa) in the past decade. However, with the flexibility of the float, Puma central banks were not forced to exhaust reserves defending pegs, nor were they forced to gamble against speculators betting on devaluations. The Pacific Pumas are a political and economic grouping of countries along Latin America’s Pacific coast that includes Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.The term references the four larger Pacific Latin American emerging markets that share common trends of positive growth, stable macroeconomic foundations, improved governance and an openness to global integration. The improved governance has however, played a factor in the Pumas taking the top places among Latin American nations in the World Bank’s 2014 Ease of Doing Business survey. “Paso Trascendente de los Pumas del Pacífico”. [34] Mexico, on the other hand, competes with China in terms of exporting manufactured goods to the North American market. The Pacific Pumas are a political and economic grouping of countries along Latin America’s Pacific coast that includes Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. [29], At the IX Summit of the Pacific Alliance, the topic of potential integration of the Alliance with Mercosur was expected to be breached. The name Pacific Pumas also alludes to the quartet’s goal of expanding economic relations with emerging East Asia. 2014-06-19. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Mexico alone has sent an annual average of 82 percent of its exports to the United States since 2002, while Colombia shipped 39 percent of its exports to the United States between 2010 and 2012. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. [5] The term also suggests that the model of economic development and democratic governance adopted by the Pumas could be a model for global emerging markets more broadly. “La Alianza del Pacífico es modelo para países emergentes, según estudio". [26] The remaining 8 percent of trade is expected to be gradually liberalized over the next few years,[27] with the majority of this 8 percent covering “sensitive” sectors such as coffee, bananas, and sugar. 2012-12-30. International Monetary Fund Data, simple unweighted averages. “The Pacific Pumas: An Emerging Model for Emerging Markets”. Combined census estimates of member states. The name references the Four Asian Tigers of the 1990s whose successes the Pumas wish to emulate,[4] and just like the Tigers, the Pumas adopted a model based on macroeconomic stability and global integration, with a particular focus on East Asia. Inflation, Average Consumer Prices (unweighted). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. “La Alianza del Pacífico es modelo para países emergentes, según estudio". Estrategias de lectura Alicia Romero de Cutropia 2010 2. Rojas-Suarez, Lilliana. George, Samuel. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything, No public clipboards found for this slide. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. El País. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Such integration would face challenges due to the differences in approach to trade liberalization between the two blocs.[30]. Central banks help guide or stabilize movements via foreign exchange interventions, such as calls or puts on US dollars, or swaps that offer hedges without committing reserves. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Eduardo Medina Mora, Mexican Ambassador to the US. The Pumas absorbed the rapid depreciation and rebounded swiftly. Available online at. 2014-02-10. "Guest post: Mercosur and the Pacific Alliance – do opposites attract?" Donnan, Shawn. [17], The Pumas’ democratic maturation is still ongoing, with crucial Mexican reforms, potential Chilean Constitutional Reforms,[18] and the Colombian peace process[19] still on the horizon. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Learn more. [21] Individually the Pumas have free-trade agreements (FTAs) with the United States, the European Union and various countries of Pacific East Asia. 2014-03-15. Freitas, Andrea and Lucianne Carneiro. Pardo, Pablo. George, Samuel. George, Samuel. Available at. Thus, the concept encompasses more than simply the Pacific Alliance. [23], Additionally, the Pumas are moving forward with trade liberalization at a time when World Trade Organization dialogues have stalled. Bhojwani, Deekpak. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 2014-04-14. Diario Las Américas. “Latin America’s New Mr. Right”. The Financial Times. El Comercio.com. The Financial Times. [8] This growth has allowed the four countries to make inroads against poverty, without sacrificing their business-friendly disposition. Financial Times, 2014-04-1. Alicia Romero de Cutropia “Paso trascendente de los Pumas del Pacífico". October 2013. International Monetary Fund Data. 2014-03-13. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Estrategias de lectura 1. “The International Financial Crisis: Eight Lessons for and from Latin America.” Center for Global Development Working Paper No. "Pacific Alliance Partners set sights on Asian Tiger-status". Maseri, Sergio Gomez. [31] Combined, the Pumas are the EU’s eighth largest trading partner, surpassing both Brazil and India. “Pumas del Pacífico, version latina de ‘tigres asiáticos’” Portafolio. Estrategias Avancadas Para Torneios De Poker De Uma Mesa Portuguese Edition, This is the best area to read Sit And Win Estrategias Avancadas Para Torneios De Poker De Uma Mesa Portuguese Edition PDF File Size 15.97 MB back advance or fix your product, and we wish it can be given perfectly. La Voz. Bertelsmann Foundation, 2014-3-12. The Economist. “All shall have rights”. The term was coined by political economist Samuel George[1] in 2012, and developed in a 2014 study authored by George and published by the Bertelsmann Foundation entitled The Pacific Pumas: An Emerging Model for Emerging Markets. Principios del aprendizaje El aprendizaje requiere de la participación activa de los estudiantes El aprendizaje es un proceso individual y social El aprendizaje ocurre de diversos modos y en tiempos diferentes If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The Pacific Pumas have been early adopters of managed currency floats,[11] meaning that domestic currency conversion rates are allowed to fluctuate based on market impulses. Financial Times. This article depends heavily on the writings of Samuel George, the primary coiner of the neologism, and therefore may suffer from relying largely or entirely upon a, The Pacific Pumas and the Pacific Alliance, The Pacific Pumas and transatlantic relations. Bertelsmann Foundation, 2014-03-12. Fadda, Gustavo. [32] Chile, Mexico, and Peru are active participants in negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership. “Los Pumas de la Alianza del Pacífico” Semana, 2014-06-21. "Los pumas ganan a los jaguares". [25], On February 10, 2014, the Presidents of the four countries met in Cartagena, Colombia for the VIII Summit of the Pacific Alliance, and formally signed agreements eliminating tariffs on 92 percent of internal tariffs. El Tiempo. O Globo. Chile and Peru in particular rely on China as an export market for their natural resources, as well as higher value-added products such as Chilean wine. This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 02:03. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 “La Alianza del Pacífico es modelo para países emergentes, según estudio". See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. BloombergView. Puma Energy Asia Pacific ha anunciado la venta de su negocio de combustibles comerciales y minoristas australianos a Chevron Australia Downstream por 425 millones de dólares australianos (292 millones de dólares estadounidenses). “Informe destaca buen momento de los países de la Alianza Pacífico”. [13], Positive economic developments have seen returns in terms of investor interest. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Luxner, Larry.

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