It is in the same genus, Annona, as soursop. Pollinating by hand requires a paint brush. Het wordt hier in NL bij Ekoplaza verkocht. or shrub,[8] 5 metres (16 ft) to 9 metres (30 ft) tall. The tree thrives throughout the tropics at altitudes of 1,300 to 2,600 m (4,300 to 8,500 ft). [family ANNONACEAE]", "Annona cherimola Mill. [10] Each flower has three outer, greenish, fleshy, oblong, downy petals and three smaller, pinkish inner petals[7] with yellow or brown finely matted hairs outside, whitish with purple spot[8] and many stamens on the inside. La chirimoya es abundante en potasio, magnesio y contiene vitamina A, calcio, cobre, fibra y fósforo. but mostly evergreen, low-branched, spreading tree[7] El valor nutricional de la chirimoya, es muy rico el 75% de su composición es agua, el resto es hidratos de carbono (glucosa y fructosa), fibra, calorías debido a su contenido de azúcar. Se utiliza para calcular las interacciones de los usuarios (visitas, los datos de usuarios, sesiones y campañas). [9] The pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. Large fruits which are uniformly green, without cracks or mostly browned skin, are best. Sommige mensen verwarren zelfs de zuurzak met de custard-apple. [2] Shapes can range from imprint areoles, flat areoles, slight bump or point areoles, full areoles, and combinations of these shapes. Studies of insects in the cherimoya's native region as its natural pollinator have been inconclusive; some form of beetle is suspected. Pero la exclusión voluntaria de algunas de estas cookies puede afectar su experiencia de navegación. Annona cherimola is a fairly dense, fast-growing, woody,[7] [7] Tops are hairless and a dull medium green with paler veins,[10] backs velvety,[8] dull grey-green with raised pale green veins. [8] Young branches and twigs have a matting of short, fine, rust colored hairs. El presidente del Consejo Regulador de la Denominación de Origen Chirimoya Costa Tropical, Antonio Sánchez, nos cuenta las propiedades gastronómicas de la Chirimoya, con la … Annona tripetala Aiton, The cherimoya (Annona cherimola), also spelled chirimoya and called chirimuya by the Inca people, is an edible fruit-bearing species of the genus Annona from the family Annonaceae. The cherimoya fruits are classed according to degree of surface irregularity, as:[2] Lisa, almost smooth, difficult to discern areoles; Impresa, with "fingerprint" depressions; Umbonata, with rounded protrusions at the apex of each areole;[13] Mamilata with fleshy, nipple-like protrusions; Tuberculata, with conical protrusions having wartlike tips. New leaves are whitish below. It is grown in the southern provinces of Granada and Málaga. [2] Unripe cherimoyas will ripen at room temperature, when they will yield to gentle pressure. [2] The short-lived flowers open as female, then progress to a later, male stage in a matter of hours. [9] Flowers appear on the branches opposite to the leaves, solitary or in pairs or groups of three,[7][9] on flower stalks that are covered densely with fine rust colored hairs, 8–12 millimetres (0.31–0.47 in) long. Judías verdes Beneficios y Contraindicaciones, También destaca por su aporte en hidratos de carbono, Es mejor evitar su consumo si eres diabético. Esta categoría solo incluye cookies que garantizan funcionalidades básicas y características de seguridad del sitio web. [9] Cherimoya seeds are poisonous if crushed open. In Afrika heb ik deze vrucht in een grotere en zoete vorm gegeten.Nog steeds. Some characterize the fruit flavor as a blend of banana, pineapple, papaya, peach, and strawberry. The plant grows at high altitudes, where the weather is colder, and the seeds will germinate at higher altitudes. Esta es una fruta tropical de pulpa refrescante y muy aromática, con sabor dulce ligeramente ácido que recuerda a una mezcla de piña y plátano, o al sabor de la pera. Female flowers have the petals only partially separated, and the petals separate widely when they become male flowers. Cherimoya is grown in tropical regions throughout the world, and in Spain, where it is widely consumed. Utilizada para la aceptación de cookies no necesarias. De cherimoya groeit van oorsprong in de Andes op een hoogte van 1000 tot 2000 meter. ¿Cuál es el mejor supermercado de Galicia? Propiedades de las habas secas y crudas para la salud, Qué frutas no se deben comer en la noche y cuáles adelgazan. Annona pubescens Salisb. [2] The indigenous inhabitants of the Andes say the cherimoya cannot tolerate snow. También utilizamos cookies de terceros que nos ayudan a analizar y comprender cómo utiliza este sitio web. Ethylene removal can be helpful in slowing the ripening of mature green fruits. [10] When ripe, the skin is green and gives slightly to pressure. De smaak is wel erg lekker. The evaluation of 20 locations of Loja Province, Ecuador indicated certain growing preferences of wild cherimoya, including altitude between 1,500–2,000 metres (4,900–6,600 ft), optimum annual temperature range from 18–20 °C (64–68 °F), annual precipitation between 800–1,000 millimetres (31–39 in), and soils with high sand content and slightly acidic properties with pH between 5 and 6.5. La chirimoya está llena de antioxidantes de vitamina C, que ayuda a combatir muchas enfermedades y también mejora el sistema inmunológico. Buds are 15–18 millimetres (0.59–0.71 in) long, 5–8 millimetres (0.20–0.31 in) wide at the base. Para almacenar si el usuario ha consentido o no al uso de cookies. Puedes configurar o rechazar las cookies haciendo click en el botón “configuración cookies”. Deze vrucht groeit ook in Afrika. [10], Leaves are single and alternate, dark green and slightly hairy on the top surface. Cookie generada por Google Tag Manager con el fin de hacer un seguimiento analítico de las visitas a la página. Unlike other Annona species[17] Fuera de estas cookies, las cookies que se clasifican como necesarias se almacenan en su navegador, ya que son esenciales para el funcionamiento de las funcionalidades básicas del sitio web. [11], Cherimoya fruit are large green conical[10] or heart-shaped compound fruit,[7] 10 centimetres (3.9 in) to 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long,[7] with diameters of 5 centimetres (2.0 in) to 10 centimetres (3.9 in),[9] and skin that gives the appearance of having overlapping scales or knobby warts. [family ANNONACEAE]", Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cherimoya&oldid=981951418, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 October 2020, at 10:28. [14] Moreover, an extract of the bark can induce paralysis if injected. De cherimoyaboom gaat dood in gebieden waar het kouder wordt dan -3 graden. briefly deciduous[8] [9], Cherimoya trees bear very pale green,[10] fleshy flowers. Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar la experiencia de navegación, y ofrecer contenidos y publicidad de interés. Muchos son los beneficios de esta fruta, pero también hay que conocer las contraindicaciones. Different varieties have different flavors, textures, and shapes. They ripen to brown with a fissured surface[10] from winter into spring;[8] they weigh on the average 150 grams (5.3 oz) to 500 grams (18 oz) but extra large specimens may weigh 2.7 kilograms (6.0 lb) or more. Tiene alto poder calorífico, capaz de proporcionar energía sostenida y deliciosa en la naturaleza. Nadia, 15-04-2018 18:53 #1 Cherimoya ga ik ook proberen. It is cultivated throughout the Americas, including Hawaii since 1790 and California, where it was introduced in 1871.[2]. ¿El zumo de naranja pierde sus vitaminas o es un mito? Cherimoyas were often depicted in their ceramics. So, the bees pick up pollen from the male flowers, but are unable to transfer this pollen to the female flowers. This requires a separate pollinator that not only can collect the pollen from flowers in the male stage, but also deposit it in flowers in the female stage. [13], Annona cherimola, preferring the cool Andean altitudes, hybridizes with the other Annona species. Ik kom zelf uit Suriname, en woon al ruim 47 jaar in Nederland; maar heb van deze vrucht nooit eerder gehoord. Het uitlepelen van het vruchtvlees lukt bijna niet. [16] The cultivar 'Fino de Jete' has skin type Impressa, are smooth or slightly concave at the edges. They were believed to be native to Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Chile,[2] spreading through cultivation to the Andes and Central America. Es obligatorio obtener el consentimiento del usuario antes de ejecutar estas cookies en su sitio web. Estas cookies no almacenan ninguna información personal. A. cherimola has not successfully naturalized in West Africa,[18] and in Australasia Annona glabra is often misidentified as this species. Eso sí, una de sus principales contraindicaciones es su ingesta por parte de personas que padecen de Diabetes. Las cookies necesarias son absolutamente esenciales para que el sitio web funcione correctamente. Quite often, the female flower is receptive in the early part of the first day, but pollen is not produced in the male stage until the late afternoon of the second day. [4] From there it was taken by Europeans to various parts of the tropics. The flavor of the flesh ranges from mellow sweet to tangy or acidic sweet, with variable suggestions of pineapple, banana, pear, papaya, strawberry or other berry, and apple, depending on the variety. Honey bees are not good pollinators, for example, because their bodies are too large to fit between the fleshy petals of the female flower. Reacties moeten voldoen aan de, Sinds onheuglijke tijden worden wilde vruchten als voedsel gegeten. Het is voor nog een relatief onbekende vrucht. Diferencias entre carne roja y carne blanca para la salud, Beneficios del jamón serrano para la salud. Determina qué dispositivo es utilizado por el visitante – Esto permite a la web ajustarse a la resolución óptima para ese dispositivo específico, Se utiliza para identificar mediante Google Analytics y distinguir a un usuario. But they have been found to have originated in Central America. The optimum temperature for storage is 8–12 °C (46–54 °F), depending on cultivar, ripeness stage, and duration, with an optimum relative humidity of 90–95%. A hybrid with A. squamosa called atemoya has received some attention in West Africa, Australia, Brazil and Florida (United States).[18]. In a 100 g serving providing 75 calories, cherimoya is an excellent source (> 19% of the Daily Value, DV) of vitamin B6 and a good source (10–19% DV) of vitamin C, dietary fiber and riboflavin (table). Widely cultivated now, Annona cherimola is believed to originate from the Andes at altitudes of 700 metres (2,300 ft) to 2,400 metres (7,900 ft)[7][4] although an alternative hypothesis postulates Central America as the origin of Annona cherimola because many of its wild relatives occur in this area. Een pak of zak van…, De carambola of stervrucht komt oorspronkelijk uit Zuidoost-Azië en de eilanden in de Pacifische Oceaan of Stille Oceaan…, Bak of rooster plakjes cherimoya kort en dien het op met, Gebruik cherimoya voor een smoothie samen met, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1663%2F0013-0001%282004%29058%5B0509%3AAEOCAC%5D2.0.CO%3B2?LI=true, http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Miller, Foto opengesneden cherimoya: wikimedia commons, http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/cherimoya.html, http://www.stylecraze.com/articles/benefits-of-cherimoya-for-skin-hair-and-health/#, http://www.fruitsandveggiesmorematters.org/top-10-ways-to-enjoy-cherimoya, Onderzoek 2013: PDF: Effect of the Water Extracts of Avocado Fruit and Cherimoya Leaf on, Four Human Cancer Cell Lines and Vicia Faba Root Tip Cells, Onderzoek 2010: http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/70/8_MeetingAbstracts/1900. Though sensitive to frost, it must have periods of cool temperatures or the tree will gradually go dormant. Estas cookies se almacenarán en su navegador solo con su consentimiento. Cherimoya wordt soms verward met de swamp-apple of moerasappel uit Australië. No guarda ningún dato personal. La familia incluye principalmente plantas tropicales, como la graviola (Annona muricata), la manzana de azúcar (Annona squamosa) y el ylang ylang (Cananga odorata), con pocas especies, como la pata (Asimina triloba), que se encuentra en las … [22], Moche ceramic cherimoya, 200 BC, Larco Museum Collection in Lima, Cherimoya-shaped bottle made by the Cupisnique culture around 1000 to 700 BC on the coast of what is now Peru, Cherimoya fruit cultivated in Pedra Bela, São Paulo, Brazil, Edible fruit-bearing species of the genus Annona. Daardoor kan het bloed naar alle lichaamgedeel…, Makreel is een vette vis die zeer aan te bevelen is binnen een gezond dieet. For fruit production outside the cherimoya's native region, cultivators must either rely upon the wind to spread pollen in dense orchards or else use hand pollination. [6] The creamy texture of the flesh gives the fruit its secondary name, the "custard apple". ¿Sabíais que España es el primer país del mundo exportador de Chirimoya? If the skin is allowed to turn fully brown, yet the flesh has not fermented or gone "bad", then the texture can be custard-like. Is bier bijvoorbeeld ook gezond? Se usa para saber el idioma seleccionado por el usuario en su última visita. Wij hebben wel zuurzak in Suriname, heel lekker en maken er limonade van. Plaats een reactie, vraag of opmerking bij dit artikel. The seeds are enclosed in the carpels and so do not detach easily, the flavour balances intense sweetness with slight acidity and the soluble sugar content exceeds 17° Bx. Briefly, to increase the fruit production, growers collect the pollen from the male plants with the brush, and then transfer it to the female flowers immediately or store it in the refrigerator overnight. Almacenan un identificador de cliente único (ID de cliente), que se genera aleatoriamente. Cherimoya pollen has a short life, but it can be extended with refrigeration. The fruit is round, oval, heart-shaped or kidney-shaped. [2] Exposure to Ethylene as a plant hormone#ethylene (100 ppm for one to two days) accelerates ripening of mature green cherimoya and other Annona fruits; they can ripen in about five days if kept at 15 to 20 °C (59 to 68 °F). This variety is prepared and packed in the geographical area because "it is a very delicate perishable fruit and its skin is very susceptible to browning caused by mechanical damage, such as rubbing, knocks, etc. The cherimoya (Annona cherimola), also spelled chirimoya and called chirimuya by the Inca people, is an edible fruit-bearing species of the genus Annona from the family Annonaceae.They were believed to be native to Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Chile, spreading through cultivation to the Andes and Central America. De slanke torpedovormige vis is rijk aan es…, Wat zit er eigenlijk allemaal in bier? Een koud biertje op een warme dag is voor veel m…, Chiazaad zijn kleine zaadjes die anno 2014 nog maar relatief kort in de schappen van winkels liggen. Ze werden gelei­delijk aan in cultuur genomen en de…, Het hart perst het bloed door de bloedvaten en veroorzaakt daardoor druk. The Moche culture of Peru had a fascination with agriculture and represented fruits and vegetables in their art. No guarda ningún dato personal. Propiedades chirimoya. La chirimoya, o Annona cherimola, es parte de la familia Annonaceae, con aproximadamente 2.500 otras especies en 130 géneros. In Peru and Chile, it is commonly used in ice creams and yogurt.[3]. Debido a su alto contenido en azúcares naturales, la chirimoya puede llegar a ser un problema. [7][9], The leathery leaves are 5–25 centimetres (2.0–9.8 in) long[9][10] 3–10 centimetres (1.2–3.9 in) wide[9] and mostly elliptic, pointed at the ends and rounded near the leaf stalk. In the Mediterranean region, it is cultivated mainly in southern Spain and Portugal, where it was introduced between 1751 and 1797[2] from where it was carried to Italy, but now can be also found in several countries of Africa, the Middle East and Oceania. The flowers are hermaphroditic and have a mechanism to avoid self-pollination. Se utiliza para identificar al mismo usuario durante un único día. )", "Distribution and potential of cherimoya (, "COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 510/2006 'CHIRIMOYA DE LA COSTA TROPICAL DE GRANADA-MÁLAGA, "Annona glabra Linn. EU's appellation protected designation of origin status. Fijn bedankt over de info van deze prachtige en sterke vrucht. American writer Mark Twain called the cherimoya "the most delicious fruit known to men". Se usa para almacenar si el usuario ha consentido o no al uso de cookies. [7] The ripened flesh is creamy white. When mature, the leaves bear hairs only along the veins on the undersurface. Its taste, indeed, surpasses that of every other fruit, and Haenke was quite right when he called it the masterpiece of Nature. [7], Mature branches are sappy and woody. The fruit must be handled with extreme care, from picking by hand in the field to packing in the warehouse, which must be carried out within 24 hours. [2][5] It is also grown in Italy, in the southern province of Reggio Calabria. [2] In Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Ecuador, and Colombia, the fruit is commonly known as chirimoya (spelled according to the rules of the Spanish language). El fruto delicioso se Beide behoren tot de roomappelsoorten, in het Engels: custard-apple. [2], "The pineapple, the mangosteen, and the cherimoya", wrote the botanist Berthold Carl Seemann, "are considered the finest fruits in the world, and I have tasted them in those localities where they are supposed to attain their highest perfection – the pineapple in Guayaquil, the mangosteen in the Indian Archipelago, and the cherimoya on the slopes of the Andes, and if I were asked which would be the best fruit, I would choose without hesitation, cherimoya. [2] Like other members of the family Annonaceae, the entire plant contain small amounts of neurotoxic acetogenins, such as annonacin,[2] which appear to be linked to atypical parkinsonism in Guadeloupe. California Rare Fruit Growers article on cherimoya, "Cherimoya, in Fruits of Warm Climates, p 65-9", Purdue University Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, "Mapping Genetic Diversity of Cherimoya (, "Las chirimoyas, de América Central a Málaga", "Kau and Waiohinu in Kilauea, June, 1866", EEB Greenhouse Staff, University of Connecticut, "Descriptors for cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill. The name is derived from the Quechua word chirimuya, which means "cold seeds." Contiene también: Gran cantidad de carbohidratos, donde se encuentra fructosa y … También tiene la opción de optar por no recibir estas cookies. In principe is het een groenblijvende boom maar bij te weinig regenval verliest hij zijn bladeren uit lijfsbehoud. When young, they are covered with soft, fine, tangled, rust colored hairs. De cherimoya (Annona cherimola) is een tropische plant uit de familie Annonaceae. [7] They attach to branches with stout 6–10 millimetres (0.24–0.39 in) long and densely hairy leaf stalks. The flesh of the cherimoya contains numerous hard, inedible, black, bean-like, glossy seeds, 1 centimetre (0.39 in) to 2 centimetres (0.79 in) long[7] and about half as wide. De plant komt oorspronkelijk voor in de hooglandvalleien van de Andes in Peru, Ecuador, Colombia en Bolivia tussen 1000 en 2000 meter hoogte. Also, the skin turns brown if it has been under normal refrigeration for too long – i.e., after a day or two. [2][3][4] But they have been found to have originated in Central America.[5]. Se utiliza para diferenciar entre los diferentes objetos de seguimiento creados en la sesión y se actualiza cada vez que envía los datos a Google Analytics. Dit is over veel vruchtsoorten niet bekend omdat er minder gehandeld wordt tussen Afrika en het Westen. They are 3 centimetres (1.2 in) long,[8] with very strong fruity odor. Repacking or further handling is strictly forbidden."[16]. Utilizada para la aceptación de cookies necesarias. Las cookies que pueden no ser particularmente necesarias para el funcionamiento del sitio web y se utilizan específicamente para recopilar datos personales del usuario a través de análisis, anuncios y otros contenidos incrustados se denominan cookies no necesarias. Remedios caseros para bajar el colesterol. De vrucht wordt veel in Chili geteeld en het land is een van de grootste exporteurs van cherimoya in de regio. Vera, 04-01-2019 08:56 #2 The small beetles which are suspected to pollinate cherimoya in its land of origin are much smaller than bees. When the fruit is soft-ripe/fresh-ripe and still has the fresh, fully mature greenish/greenish-yellowish skin color, the texture is like that of a soft-ripe pear and papaya. Er zitten teveel pitten in die ook nog eens vastzitten in een vruchtzakje. Este sitio web utiliza cookies para mejorar su experiencia mientras navega por el sitio web. Es muy fácil de comer, se parte en dos mitades y se toma la pulpa con una cuchara, evitando las semillas. Magda-Louise Drenthe, 23-03-2019 07:02 #3 "[15], The cherimoya of the Granada-Málaga Tropical Coast is a fruit of the cultivar 'Fino de Jete' grown in the Granada-Málaga tropical southern coast of Spain with the EU's appellation protected designation of origin status. Often, when the skin turns brown at room temperature, the fruit is no longer good for human consumption. [12] The fruit can be chilled and eaten with a spoon, which has earned it another nickname, the ice cream fruit.

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